A read only mirror of the original lollipop cloud sources. This repo was mirrored from the original home on GitLab (https://gitlab.com/kemonine/lolipop_lan_cloud/)
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6.6 KiB

Network Manager

TODO : INCOMPLETE

Setup overall networking. This is focused on ethernet/WiFi as an internet connection.

Inspiration / Further Reading

Overview

Setup the base NetworkManager config/networking. This will help with making the Internet side of networking more dynamic and responsive to devices being added/removed.

The author assumes LAN/Ethernet > WiFi > 3G/LTE for connection priority. (Note: NetworkManager assumes this too)

Install / Enable


apt update
# Install additional deps
apt install ebtables ipset
# Install + add-ons
apt install network-manager \
    network-manager-openvpn network-manager-pptp
systemctl enable NetworkManager # Enable the service
systemctl start NetworkManager # Start the service

Disable Stock Networking

Edit /etc/network/interfaces and make sure eth0 directives aren’t present.

Reboot after above cleanup of interfaces file.

ProTip

nmtui can be used for an ncurses graphical interface for NetworkManager

Set Hostname


nmcli general hostname [hostname] # Additional parm sets hostname
systemctl reboot # Reboot to pickup the change

Get Status

Some commands that help getting the status of NetworkManager

  • nmcli networking connectivity
  • nmcli monitor
  • nmcli device monitor
  • nmcli connection monitor

Enable / Disable ALL

Handy if you want to shut down all networking for some reason

nmcli networking on|off

Radio Control

Control WiFi / GSM radios

Wifi

nmcli radio wifi [on|off]

3G/LTE

nmcli radio wwan [on|off]

Some useful commands for adjusting connection/device status

  • nmcli connection reload # Reload any changes / updates (this isn't automagic by default)
  • nmcli connection show --active
  • nmcli connection up [id]
  • nmcli connection down [id]
  • nmcli device status
  • nmcli device show [ifname]
  • nmcli device connect [ifname]
  • nmcli device disconnect [ifname]

Disable Orange Pi Zero Internal WiFi

If you’re using an Orange Pi Zero, the internal WiFi adapter is unstable at best. The following will disable the adapter.


nmcli device status # Verify the internal WiFi is shwoing as wlan0
nmcli device disconnect wlan0 # Run this if it shows as connected
nmcli device set wlan0 autoconnect no

Setup Networks

Some configuration via nmcli for various networks/interfaces/devices that may or may not be in use at any given moment. These commands just make NetworkManager aware of the overall topology and connections. Routing, firewall and more is setup later.

Note: Add autoconnect false if you don’t want the connection auto started if a device is present

Clear Existing

Run nmcli connection show to get a list of active network connections. We will want to remove all of these.

Run nmcli connection del [UUID] for each UUID listed in the previous commands output.

Management Ethernet

Note: It’s assumed the on-board ethernet adapter will be used for management and an EXTERNAL USB Ethernet adapter used for WAN (if needed)


# Management via usb ethernet adapter
#     includes network sharing
nmcli connection add save yes \
    type ethernet \
    con-name mgmt \
    ifname eth0 \
    -- \
    ipv4.method shared \
    ipv4.addr 172.16.16.16/24 \
    ipv6.method ignore
nmcli device set eth0 autoconnect yes

WiFi 2.4ghz Access Point

Note: You can use 802-11-wireless.channel # in the below command to force a channel to be used


# Get the ifname of the wifi adapter with `nmcli dev show`

# HostAP mode (2.4ghz / wireless access point)
#     includes network sharing
nmcli connection add save yes \
    type wifi \
    con-name wifi-ap-24 \
    ifname [wifi iface] \
    ssid 24.lolipop.domain.tld \
    -- \
    ipv4.method shared \
    ipv4.addresses 172.17.17.17/24 \
    ipv6.method ignore \
    802-11-wireless.mode ap \
    802-11-wireless.band bg \
    802-11-wireless.channel 11 \
    802-11-wireless-security.key-mgmt wpa-psk \
    802-11-wireless-security.proto rsn \
    802-11-wireless-security.psk MyPassword

WiFi 5ghz Access Point

Note: You can use 802-11-wireless.channel # in the below command to force a channel to be used


# Get the ifname of the wifi adapter with `nmcli dev show`

# HostAP mode (5ghz / wireless access point)
#     includes network sharing
nmcli connection add save yes \
    type wifi \
    con-name wifi-ap-50 \
    ifname [wifi iface] \
    ssid 50.lolipop.domain.tld \
    -- \
    ipv4.method shared \
    ipv4.addresses 172.18.18.18/24 \
    ipv6.method ignore \
    802-11-wireless.mode ap \
    802-11-wireless.band a \
    802-11-wireless.channel 40 \
    802-11-wireless-security.key-mgmt wpa-psk \
    802-11-wireless-security.proto rsn \
    802-11-wireless-security.psk MyPassword

WAN - Ethernet (External USB Adapter)

Note: It’s assumed you’ll be using a USB Ethernet adapter for WAN if needed. This matches the overall use of USB devices that are plugged/unplugged as necessary for WAN needs


# WAN via ethernet cable
nmcli connection add save yes \
    type ethernet \
    con-name wan-eth \
    ifname eth1 \
    -- \
    ipv4.method auto \
    ipv6.method auto
nmcli device set eth1 autoconnect yes

WAN - WiFi Bridge


# Get list of access points in the area
nmcli dev wifi list

# Get the ifname of the client wifi adapter with `nmcli dev show`

# WAN via Client mode (wireless bridge)
#    Note the ASK flag so you're prompted to enter user/pass type infos
nmcli connection add save yes \
    type wifi \
    con-name wan-wifi \
    ifname [wifi iface] \
    ssid [ssidFromAbove] \
    -- \
    wifi-sec.key-mgmt wpa-psk \
    wifi-sec.psk [wpaPassword]
nmcli device set [wifi iface] autoconnect yes

WAN - GSM (3G/LTE)

See Modem Manager for details on integrating a 3G/LTE modem into the networking setup.

Auto Config

Once the above is setup Network Manager should handle the auto configuration of your WAN/LAN/Modems/etc for you.